"Give with a free hand, but give only your own."
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- Lyme Disease -

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Lyme Disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)

Chitosan Oligosaccharide has found a nich use in treatment of Lyme disease symptoms.


Borrelia and Alzheimer disease
Posted 21 August 2005 [to www.alzforum.org]
By Liz Shepherd

Here in South Carolina, several patients diagnosed with Alzheimer disease actually had DNA PCR positive Borrelia cultures grown from their brains. The symptoms for these illnesses do in fact overlap. Many psychiatrists now say that all brain disease is infectious. Have you actually LOOKED for a common denominator? Have all Alzheimer brains been checked for Borrelia? My guess is you may be very surprised to find out what is causing Alzheimer's.

- Sam T. Donta, MD* Prof. of Medicine, Divisions of Infectious Disease and BioMolecular Medicine Director, Lyme Disease Unit Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts Corresponding author for proof and reprints: Sam T Donta MD 508-539-6666
Med Clin North Am 2002 Mar;86(2):341-9, vii.

Note the lengths of time recommended for treatments.

Effects of penicillin, ceftriaxone, and doxycycline on morphology of Borrelia burgdorferi.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1995 May;39(5):1127-33.
Kersten A, Poitschek C, Rauch S, Aberer E.
SourceDepartment of Dermatology, University of Vienna, Austria.


Antibiotic therapy with penicillin, doxycycline, and ceftriaxone has proven to be effective for the treatment of Lyme borreliosis. In some patients, however, it was noticed that borreliae can survival in the tissues in spite of seemingly adequate therapy. For a better understanding of this phenomenon, we investigated the different modes of degeneration of Borrelia burgdorferi suspensions during a 96-h exposure to various antibiotics. By dark-field microscopy and ultrastructural investigations, increasing blebbing and the gradual formation of granular and cystic structures could be followed during the exposure time. Although antibiotic concentrations at the MIC at which 90% of organisms are inhibited after 72 h were 80% or even greater, motile organisms were still present after incubation with penicillin and doxycycline but not after incubation with ceftriaxone. By transmission electron microscopy, intact spirochetal parts, mostly situated in cysts, were seen up to 96 h after exposure with all three antibiotics tested. According to experiences from studies with other spirochetes it is suggested that encysted borreliae, granules, and the remaining blebs might be responsible for the ongoing antigenic stimulus leading to complaints of chronic Lyme borreliosis.
PMID:7625800[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC162695

Lyme disease info…



“Where fact and theory are incompatible, it is theory, not fact, that needs to be amended.”

[Message from Lyme].
Nord Med. 1993;108(5):157-8. [Article in Swedish]
Wahlberg P.
Source: Asvägen Mariehamn, Aland.


The background to the discovery of Lyme disease teaches a salutary lesson. The symptoms and signs of this disease had been observed by doctors for a century, particularly in the Scandinavian countries, without anybody being able to draw the right conclusions. The first patients were identified in the USA by their relatives or by themselves. Recognition of their plight by the medical profession was chiefly due to the patients' tenacity. We must remember to pay attention to what patients tell us; they may often be right, even when they seem to be wrong. Where fact and theory are incompatible, it is theory, not fact, that needs to be amended. In all likelihood, we all from time to time observe disorders in our patients that are inconsistent with established scientific models, but which we nevertheless attempt to squeeze into these models. Such an approach is not uncommon in the history of medicine. The message from Lyme calls for humility and reflexion.

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Updated: July 25, 2012
Inception: July 25, 2012