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- Actos -


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Dr. Ray Shahelien entry: 

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Actos

See also Mitochondrial Dysfunction
         Parkinson's Disease


In Parkinson's Disease, Brain Cells Abandon Mitochondria

ScienceDaily (Oct. 8, 2010) In a study that sheds new light on the causes of Parkinson's disease, researchers report that brain cells in Parkinson's patients abandon their energy-producing machinery, the mitochondria. A shutdown in fuel can have devastating effects on brain cells, which consume roughly 20 percent of the body's energy despite making up only 2 percent of body weight... researchers, now show that a root cause of Parkinson's disease may lie in 10 gene sets related to energy production that spur neurons in the brain to "divorce" their mitochondria and related energy-producing pathways..."The most exciting result from our study for me is the discovery of PGC-1alpha as a new therapeutic target for early intervention in Parkinson's disease. PGC-1alpha is a master switch that activates hundreds of mitochondrial genes, including many of those needed to maintain and repair the power plants in the mitochondria,"... FDA-approved medications [Actos, CoQ10] that activate that PGC-1alpha are already available for widespread diseases like diabetes. These medications may jumpstart the development of new Parkinson's drugs; instead of having to start from scratch, pharmaceutical companies may be able to dust off their drug libraries and find look-alike drugs capable of targeting PGC-1alpha in the brain. "As we wrap up our first year of publishing the journal, the new study from Zheng et al. exemplifies the goal of Science Translational Medicine, applying knowledge and technology from different fields-such as neuroscience, genomics and bioinformatics-to achieve new discoveries,"...
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/10/101006151557.htm


Study: Brain energy crisis may spark Parkinson's
By LAURAN NEERGAARD, AP Medical Writer
Tuesday, November 2, 2010

...A diabetes drug named Actos is among the compounds known to activate part of that PGC-1alpha pathway, and Weill Cornell's Beal says it's poised for an initial small trial in Parkinson's. Separately, a nutrient named Coenzyme Q10 is believed important in mitochondrial energy production, and Beal is leading a study to see if high doses might help Parkinson's. Results are due in 2012...
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2010/11/01/national/w100153D54.DTL#ixzz146V9bQy7

This drug may also be beneficial for MSA (multiple systems atrophy) if there are similarities between MSA and Parkinson's disease.

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Updated: July 2, 2012
Inception: July 2, 2012